Describing the possible climate changes in France and some examples of their effects on main crops used in livestock systems
- 1INRA, UMR 1114 EMMAH, 84914 Avignon cedex 9, France
- 2Institut de l'Élevage, Auzeville 31326 Castanet-Tolosan et 149 Rue de Bercy 75011, Paris, France
- 3Arvalis Institut du végétal, La Minière 78210 Guyancourt/31450 Baziège/91170 Boigneville, France
- 4Météo-France, 42 Av G Coriolis 31000 Toulouse, France
Abstract. The effects of climate change on forage and crop production are an important question for the farmers and more largely for the food security in the world. Estimating the effect of climate change on agricultural production needs the use of two types of tools: a model to estimate changes in national or local climates and an other model using climatic data to estimate the effects on vegetation. In this paper, we will mainly present the effects of climate change on climatic features, the variability of criteria influencing crop production in various regions of France and some possible effects on crops.