Articles | Volume 17
18 Nov 2020
 | 18 Nov 2020

Development of seasonal climate outlooks for agriculture in Finland

Andrea Vajda and Otto Hyvärinen

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Cited articles

Bauer, P., Thorpe, A., and Brunet, G.: The quiet revolution of numerical weather prediction, Nature, 525, 47–55, 2015. 
Bruno Soares, M.: Assessing the usability and potential value of seasonal climate forecasts in land management decisions in the southwest UK: challenges and reflections, Adv. Sci. Res., 14, 175–180,, 2017. 
Bruno Soares, M. and Dessai, S.: Barriers and enablers to the use of seasonal climate forecasts amongst organisations in Europe, Clim. Change, 137, 89–103, 2016. 
Buontempo, C., Hewitt, C. D., Doblas-Reyes, F. J., and Dessai, S.: Climate service development, delivery and use in Europe at monthly to inter-annual timescales, Climate Risk Management, 6, 1–5,, 2014. 
Copernicus Climate Change Service: Climate Data Store, available at:, last access: 12 June 2020. 
Short summary
We studied the applicability of seasonal forecast outputs in agriculture in Finland. The quality of seasonal forecasts output was assessed, and six tailored seasonal forecast indices were co-designed, developed in close collaboration with the Central Union of Agricultural Producers and Forest Owners and piloted with over 200 farmers. Although the tested seasonal forecast indices had a limited skill and need further improvements, the farmers found the climate outlooks useful.